PRIMRDIOS OF the DEMOCRACY IN the BRAZILIAN NATIVE LAND In 1554 the Jesuits N3obrega and Anchieta construct the College and, in return, the village of So Paulo starts, shyly, if to form with its casinhas and taperas of wood-the-puncture. If it has indians being catequizados by the Jesuits, also has indians that, for not approving the presence of those invading whites, of so different habits, everything makes to escorraar them. To resist the frequent attacks of the Carijs indians a wall of taipa it is raised around the rising population. But the proper people opens gone breaches to facilitate its to it to the river or roa. In 1562 ' ' muralha' ' not yet he was concluded, but ten years later already he presented you damage of all order.
Although made with poles and adobe ' ' muralha' ' he exhibited characteristics of workmanship of military engineering and, even so not foreseen to resist the attacks of military devices as catapults and rams, possua bastions where the defenders if protected of the enemy arrows. Beyond creation of animals (cows, horses, sheep, pigs, etc.) predominates the culture of the wheat that, at certain times arrives to be the main product in the Economy of plateaus of Piratininga, even so its exportation nor always was allowed not to harm the supplying of the population. The Chamber of Councilmen fiscalized the circulation of the flour of wheat and the meat; lowered orders forbidding the exit of these products without its authorization. To the times she was necessary to request articles to guarantee its presence in the commerce; to fiscalize the traders who costumavam to adulterate weights and measures and to raise the prices to the consumer. The currency is scarce in the Village and the fixed Chamber the price of the wheat flour (240 kings alqueire) that she is used as money in the exchanges with the traders who come of is.