Methodology This article looks for to supply to the reader basic knowledge concerning the shock of the quarrel between science and religion. Already we saw that the division between science and religion does not deprive of characteristics none, but yes, it fortifies its work and its objective that is to also fortify the human bows with answers based in the reason and in the faith, leading to each reader to make reflection of its history and its to walk in the complex net of the life. If to understand the religiosidade as authentic dimension human being, whose culture becomes necessary for the full accomplishment of man, then will be obvious the necessity also to contemplate all the cultures, between peoples of all the times, and assuming diverse forms of devotion, ethical doctrines and principles, searching the direction of the life and the transcendncia in relation to the death. The religions have its especificidades, but it has also a common platform of morality and searchs human being, where it is possible and urgent to establish a respectful and solidary dialogue between science and religion. Being the religion an including human phenomenon, that is penetrated in all the areas of the culture, some points must be loosers in the mentality that invigorates in the seio of the two, so that it is possible a more harmonious and austere convivncia. (Pestalozzi, 1980, p.59) it says that: ' ' Conservation of the merciful feelings of the child; rise the religion and the virtue with full conscience and knowledge of its duties; stimulaton to a glad independent activity of the child; stimulaton the research and personal reflection through everything this, to promote the learning of the knowledge and the largenesses that the life exige.' ' An open track so far little was followed either by preconception, lack of preparation or courage. Rousseau with much property reasoned: ' ' Or all the religions are good and pleasant the God or, if some exists that It prescribes the men and It he punishes the ones who disdains, It gave manifest certain signals to it so that he was distinguished and known as only truth. .