At a time when the northern part of Gaul were common dialects and languages of the Romance group, in this region have settled Franc (istveony) and by the end of V century formed the Merovingian state, whose inhabitants speak two languages. During the period, which lasted for V-IX centuries, when the Franks were in power, the West German tribes (such as the Hutts, Aleman, shuringi, Franks and Baiuvars) and Saxons together in 2 States – State Carolingians and Merovingians. Saxons settled in these areas are approximately IV-V centuries. They came from the North Sea coast and occupied the area of the Rhine and the Weser. This association was the beginning of the formation of the ancient High German, which, in turn, eventually became the language German nation. Native of the South German group of dialects were Baiuvars and Aleman (Hermione), who came from the Elbe River Basin in southern Germany in the I century. A Saxon is the basis Low German dialects.
At the initial stage of the Saxon was a member of ingveonskoy group with time on his development team had a tremendous impact Frankish dialect, owing to the conquests of the south Germany, the Franks. During the reign of Charlemagne (from 7,768 to 814 years), the Saxons, occupying the territory between the Elbe and the Rhine, were conquered and forcibly converted to Christianity. This turn of events affected the distribution among the Germans of Latin, which was based on the Christian religion. Thus came into use the Latin alphabet Latin alphabet and Latin vocabulary. And for a long time, Latin was used as science, in both formal and business communication.
Later, a huge Frankish Empire was divided into three parts in 843. This division was approved and confirmed by the treaty of Verdun. Vostochnofrankskaya empire, formerly part of the Frankish Empire, was, as other parts mnogoplemennoy and only at the end of X and the beginning of XI century inhabitants of this area came to a linguistic and ethnic unity. For the first time this event was mentioned in Annolied between 1080 m and 1085-m years. Here, the word diutish was a symbol of unification German dialect groups. Sahlin ripuariev tribes and formed the Frankish confederacy of tribes and a group of dialects, which they said was the basis of the language of German nationality. And since the IX century, the formation of National German influenced Saxon dialects, which some time later became a dialect of Low German and High German dialect formed the Frankish, Bavarian and alemannskie dialects, which were combined srednenemetskie and South German dialect. In XIII-XIV centuries, Latin gradually pushed from their seats officially-business language and is replaced by the emerging German.